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Top Career Domains to Venture Into after Class 12th: Streams, Qualification, Salary; Complete Guide

Online Courses are much sought after as the degrees earned in Open and distance Learning Mode and Online Learning Mode are equivalent to those earned in regular conventional mode.

Top Career Domains to Venture Into after Class 12th: Streams, Qualification, Salary; Complete Guide
Home > Blogs > Top Career Domains to Venture Into after Class 12th: Streams, Qualification, Salary; Complete Guide

    This blog aims to explore the top career domains to venture into, after Class 12th and also to provide a comprehensive guide for the streams, educational qualifications & and salary prospects involved in the various programmes for higher education.

    The twelfth board is a stepping stone for excelling in the chosen career domains by selecting the disciplines and streams of your choice. 

    After gaining working experience of a couple of years, those who aim for career domains in Management prefer to pursue an Online Master of  Business Administration(MBA) alongside their job assignments.

    The option to pursue an Online Master Business Administration affords the flexibility to learn at your own pace without adversely impacting your earnings through your varied occupations. 

    Online Courses are much sought after as the degrees earned in Open and distance Learning Mode and Online Learning Mode are equivalent to those earned in regular conventional mode.

    Mostly, people at a young age either get influenced by the near and dear ones who achieve success in their respective career domains. They tend to look for high-salary courses after the 12th science stream or commerce or humanities streams etc., based on the faint impressions created in their minds.

    For choosing a higher education programme, it is essential for the students of class 12th to make an informed decision about pursuing data science, software engineering, information technology, B tech courses, hotel management or any other bachelor's degree.

    The Distance Pathshala’s endeavour is to make young students fully aware of the plethora of opportunities in their respective career domains. 

    The educational programmes offered by UGC entitled Universities and Colleges in India, in Open and Distance Learning Mode and Online Learning Mode, are preferred by students to get suitable placement in their respective career domains.

    What is pertinent for the students is to correctly know about their passions. Once students are adequately apprised of the career opportunities, they start making decisions themselves as per their likings, and interests.

    A promising student is the best judge in critically introspecting and analysing his strengths and weaknesses from time to time and delving deep into exploring data science, software engineering, information technology, b tech courses, hotel management, bachelor degree or online master business administration programmes.

    Committed students, advertently or inadvertently analyse the threats and opportunities with the objective to realise their dreams for their chosen career domains.

    For some, Mathematics is their forte. Some distaste and dislike it. Likewise, some are good at Commerce and Business studies. Some, though initially not up to mark gear up later in order to excel in their prospective career domains. 

    Top career domains to venture after the 12th class are varied involving graduation courses of 3-4 years duration, diploma courses of 1-2 years duration, polytechnic courses of 3 years duration and short-term certificate courses.

    Usually, the streams chosen after passing the 10th grade lay the foundation of the career ventures of individuals. Students with a firm grip on Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics aim for high-salary courses after 12th science.

    The National Education Policy, 2024:

    The National Education Policy, 2024 has termed the crucial phase of Grades 9,10,11, and 12 as the ‘Secondary Stage’. It caters to children of age 14-18.

    The National Education Policy, 2024 provides flexibility of exiting and re-entering & and choice of disciplines for the students including subjects in physical education, arts and crafts, and vocational skills. 

    Thus, as per the new National Education Policy, there is no rigid compartmentalisation of subjects. The students have a wide range of options to pursue subjects of their interests and liking and choose career domains as per their wishes. Multidisciplinary courses include - Essential courses; Choice-based courses and; Vocational education, arts, and sports.

    The 7 Curricular Areas for 9-10 & and 10-12 Grades are

    1. Humanities (that includes languages)
    2. Mathematics & Computing 
    3. Vocational Education 
    4. Physical Education
    5. Arts
    6. Social Science 
    7. Science
    8. Inter-disciplinary Areas

    Design of Grades 9 and 10:

    Students must finish two courses from each of the eight possible curricula, for a total of 16 courses, over two years in Grades 9 and 10.

    Design of Grades 11 and 12 :

    The eight Curricular Areas are the same but choice-based courses will be designed based on the Disciplines within the Curricular Areas and will be lasting a semester. 

    To pass Grade 12, students must complete 16 elective courses. Disciplines from at least three curricular areas must be selected by students. The curricular areas and the respective disciplines under each of them are detailed in Table A given below:-

    Table - A


    Curricular Areas

    Disciplines (four courses within each discipline)



    Languages, Literature, Philosophy


    Social Science

    History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology,   

    Economics, Sociology




    Physics, Chemistry, Biology


    Mathematics and Computing   


    Mathematics, Computer Science, Business 




    Music, Dance, Theatre, Sculpture, Painting, Film  Appreciation, Script writing, Set design


    Vocational Education         

    Aligned to the National Skills Qualifications 

    Framework (NSQF)



    Courses on Specific Sports, Games, and Yoga to include 

    all aspects (e.g. coaching, financing)


    Inter-disciplinary Areas


    Commerce, Sustainability and Climate  Change,(Environmental Education), Health( Public 

    Community Health), Media and Journalism,  Family and Community Sciences( the current form of Home Science), Knowledge of India, Indian Knowledge, Traditions and Practices, Indian Knowledge Systems, and Legal Studies. 

    As an illustration, if a student chooses Science (Curricular Area) and Physics(Discipline) within that, he or she must complete all four courses in Physics. He or she could then choose Mathematics and Computing as the second Curricular Area and complete four courses in Mathematics. Humanities could be the third Curricular Area with four courses in Philosophy.

    The fourth set of courses may come from one of the three already selected Curricular Areas or an entirely other one. 

    Instead of a single exam after the year, modular board examinations will be offered. The ultimate certification will be determined by the total score on each of the tests.

    Students, equipped with a multidisciplinary approach in the new national curriculum framework for School Education (NCF) as developed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) as per the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 in 5+3+3+4 educational system will have the potential to surge in the fields ranging from data science, software engineering, information technology, b tech courses, hotel management, bachelor degree, Bachelor of fashion designing, Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery(BAMS),  Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery(BHMS) and MBBS.

    General Eligibility for the Bachelor’s degree programme:

    Passed 10+2 pattern of examination from any recognized Central/State Board of Secondary Examination, such as Central Board of Secondary Education/State Board New Delhi/Council for Indian School of Certificate Examination, New Delhi.


    • A pass grade in the Senior Secondary School Examination conducted by the National Open School with a minimum of five subjects.


    • Any Public School/Board/University Examination in India or in foreign countries recognised by the Association of Indian Universities as equivalent to the 10+2 system.


    • General Certificate Education (GCE) Examination (London/ Cambridge/Sri-Lanka) at the Advanced (A) level/ International.

    Eligibility for MBBS:

    A candidate should have passed higher secondary examinations in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English with at least 50% marks from a recognised Board. Admission to the programme is based on the common entrance examination NEET conducted by the National Testing Agency(NTA).

    Eligibility for B.Com.(courses after 12th commerce with high salary):

    A candidate should have secured a minimum of 50% marks in class 12 or equivalent examination. The admission is based on the entrance exams for seeking admission to top colleges. 

    Eligibility Criteria for BA LLB:

    A candidate must have cleared the Senior Secondary School or Intermediate (12th) examination or its corresponding credential from a recognized board with an aggregate mark of not less than 45 per cent. (5% relaxation for S.C. and S.T. candidates) The admission is based on the entrance exams for seeking admission to top law colleges.

    Eligibility for B.Arch.:

    A candidate must have passed the Class 12th examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The admission is based on the  entrance exams for seeking admission in top architecture colleges. 

    Important Entrance examinations: 

    -JEE: The Joint Entrance Examination JEE (Main) – 2024 is being conducted by the National Testing Agency(NTA) for admission to the B. Tech. programmes.

    -NEET National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test [(NEET (UG)] for admission to undergraduate medical education in all medical institutions. 

    Similarly, as per Section 14 of the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Act, 2020, there shall be a uniform NEET (UG) for admission to undergraduate courses in each of the disciplines i.e. BAMS, BUMS, and BSMS BHMS courses of the Indian System of Medicine in all Medical Institutions.

    -The Common University Entrance Test (CUET (UG) - for admission into all UG Programmes in all Central Universities.

    -Computer Test(CBT) entrance examination for admission to all UG, PG programmes offered by the National Institute of Fashion Technology(NIFT) is scheduled to be convened on 5th February 2024.

    -Common Law Admission Test. (CLAT)

    Best educational courses after 12th:

    1. Bachelor of Technology( B.Tech.)
    2. Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA) (IT and Software)
    3. Bachelor of Science(B.Sc.)
    4. Bachelor of Arts. (B.A.)
    5. Bachelor of Business Administration(BBA)
    6. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. (MBBS)
    7. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery(BAMS)
    8. Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery(BUMS)
    9. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery. (BHMS)
    10. Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
    11. Bachelor of Mass Media (BMM)
    12. Bachelor of Design (B. Des.)
    13. Bachelor of Architecture(B Arch.)
    14. Bachelor of Hotel Management.(BHM)
    15. Bachelor of Journalism (BJ) 
    16. BHM in Hospitality and Travel 
    17. Bachelor of Social Work(BSW)
    18. “Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Legislative Law” (BA LLB). It is a 5-year Integrated Law course.
    19. Pilot courses- Three years Graduation Program for IGRUA CPL trainees in B. Sc. (Aviation) through Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University (RMLAU), Faizabad, UP. of Rashtriya Udan Academy, Raibareilly
    20. Merchant Navy- B Tech Marine, B Tech naval architecture, ocean engineering, BBA in shipping
    21. Air Hostess (also known as steward, cabin crew, or flight attendant) courses after 12th.
    22. Paramedical Courses After 12th.
    23. Veterinary Courses After 12th.
    24. Nursing Courses After 12th.
    25. Nutritionists and Dietetics courses after the 12th.
    26. Event Management Courses After 12th.
    27. ITI Courses After 12th.
    28. Agriculture Courses After 12th
    29. Various Diploma courses after 12th

    Courses after 12th commerce with high salary:

    Bachelor of Commerce(B.Com.), Chartered Accountancy (CA), Company Secretary(CS), Cost and Management Accountant(CMA) and Chartered Financial Analyst(CFA) are the courses after 12th commerce with high salary.

    Career domains after 12th Grade:

    After completing any of the programmes after 12th Grade the young students have bright prospects to choose promising career domains of their liking and interests. The Bright students aspire to become  

    - Civil Servants, MBBS Doctor, BAMS/BHMS/BUMS Doctor in Indian System of Medicine, Pharmacist, Engineer, Mathematician, Physicist, Scientist,  Pilot, Captain of Ship, Agricultural Scientists, Chartered Accountant (CA), Company Secretary (CS), Lawyer/Judge/Legal Consultant, Historian, Journalist, Painter, Dancer, Sportsperson, Chef, Hotel Manager, Fashion Designer, Writer, Social activist, Architect, Entrepreneur and so on. By pursuing various Diploma courses, the students equip themselves with the knowledge and skills to assume varied job roles of technicians in various industrial sectors. 

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    Conclusion Of Top Career Domains

    Students after 12th pursue higher education programmes and by dint of commitment get high salary packages. The salary packages of B.Tech. engineers, MBBS doctors, Pilots, Captains in the Merchant Navy and so on are decent. After further pursuing Master’s programmes, the candidates brighten their prospects for further exponential career growth. 

    Distance Pathshala’s expert team wholeheartedly apprise prospective students of the latest changes in the syllabi, pedagogy and the various Online courses after 12th grade to enable them to enrol themselves for higher education programmes to ensure accelerated career progression.

    The team of dedicated counsellors of the Distance Pathshala provide free-of-cost guidance to thousands of students in registering themselves in the affordable and cost-effective Online & Open & Distance Learning programmes from the Universities entitled by UGC.

    Aspiring students must feel free to connect with the seasoned counsellors of Distance Pathshala to get themselves enrolled on the Online higher educational programmes within their budget. 

    FAQs of National Education Policy 2023

    One can venture out into the respective disciplines under the eight curricular areas and accordingly choose one of the career domains of his or her choice.

    All the streams have vast potential to earn high salaries, respect, prestige and dignity. Students must pursue the field of their interests and liking.

    Yes, foreign Universities offer various Online programs and Certification courses which are beneficial for career progression. Prestigious Indian Institutions are equally worth reckoning.
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